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Tech Tower ADEPT -- Awareness of Decisions in Evaluating Promotion and Tenure

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ADEPT Library - Bibliography of Bias In Evaluation

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Cultural Biases

Professional Climate

Informal Rewards

Organizational Challenges

Evaluation Procedure

Cultural Biases

  • Defining Diversity in Academia. (2000). Retrieved October 26, 2003, from Louisiana State University, Department of Academic Affairs Web site: http://aaweb.lsu.edu/pseminar/seminar/defining_diversity_in_academia.htm
  • Mannix. Margaret  (2002). “Who’s Missing in the Faculty Club?” ASEE Prism, 12.
  • Pearson, Willie and Fetcher, Alan, Eds. (1994). Who Will Do Science? Educating the Next Generation. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
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    Gender
  •  Glazer-Raymo, Judith. (1999). Shattering The Myths: Women in Academe. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press
  •  National Research Council. (2001). From Scarcity to Visibility: Gender Differences in the Careers of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
  • Hopkins, Nancy. (1999) " MIT and Gender Bias: Following up on Victory. " The Chronicle of Higher Education, 45. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v45/i40/40b00401.htm
  • Kazak, Don. (1999, February 5). STANFORD: " Feds investigate gender bias complaints. " Palo Alto Weekly Online Edition. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from www.paweekly.com/paw/morgue/news/1999_Feb_5.GENDER.html
  • Santora, Cathleen Curry. (2003, April 18) " Preventative Law: How Colleges Can Avoid Legal Problems. " The Chronicle of Higher Education, 49. Retrieved October 26, 2003 from http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i32/32b02001.htm 
  • Williams, Joan. (2002, June 17). " How Academe Treats Mothers. " The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/jobs/2002/06/2002061701c.htm
  • Long, J. Scott and Fox, Mary Frank. (1995)" Scientific Careers: Universalism and Particularism. " Annual Review of Sociology, 21, 45-71.
  • Fox, Mary Frank and Ferri, Vincent. (1992, September) " Women, Men and Their Attributions for Success in Academe. " Social Psychology Quarterly, 55, 257-271.
  • Fox, Mary Frank. (1996). Women, Academia, and Careers in Science and Engineering. In C.S. Davis, A. Ginorio, C. Hollenshead, B. Lazarus, and P. Rayman (Eds.), The Equity Equation: Fostering the Advancement of Women in the Sciences, Mathematics, and Engineering (pp. 265-289). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Cole, Jonathan R. (1979). Fair Science: Women in the Scientific Community. New York: Free Press.
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  • Rosser, Sue V. and Zieseniss, Mirellie. (2000). “Career Issues and Laboratory Climates: Different Challenges and Opportunities of Women Engineers and Scientists.” Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering 6: pp. 1-20.
  • Rosser, Sue V. (2001). “Balancing: Survey of Fiscal Year 1997, 1998, 1999 POWRE Awardees.” Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering 7: pp. 1-11.
  • Rossiter, Margaret. (1982). Women Scientists in America: Struggles and Strategies to 1940. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Rossiter, Margaret. (1995). Women Scientists in America: Before Affirmative Action, 1940-1972. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
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  • Fidell, L.S. (1975). “Empirical Verification of Sex Discrimination in Hiring Practices in Psychology.” In R.K. Unger and F.L. Denmark (Eds.), Women: Dependent or Independent Variable? New York: Psychological Dimensions.
  • Wulf, William. (2001). “The Declining Percentage of Women in Computer Science: An Academic View.” Who Will Do the Science of the Future? Washington D.C: National Academy Press. Excerpts at http://books.nap.edu/books/0309071852/html/29.html#pagetop
  • Race & Ethnicity
  • McIntosh, Peggy. (1988). "White Privilege and Male Privilege: A Personal Account of Coming to See Correspondences Through Work in Women’s Studies." Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/res_colleges/socjust/Readings/McIntosh.html
  • Golden, Marita. (2002, October). "White Women at Work." Essence, 190-198.
  • Malveaux, Julianne. (2003, January). " The Many Faces of Bias. " Black Issues in Higher Education.
  • Randall, Vernellia R. (1997). "Two Black Women Talking about the Promotion, Retention, and Tenure Process." In L. Benjamin (Ed.), Black Women in the Academy: Promises and Perils. (pp. 213-226, 219-223). Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.
  • Jayate, Satyame E. (2002, November 26)." Racism on the Tenure Track. " The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/jobs/2002/11/2002112601c.htm
  • Nettles, Michael T., Perna, Laura W., and Bradburn, Ellen M. (2000, Summer). " Salary, Promotion, and Tenure Status of Minority and Women Faculty in U.S. Colleges and Universities. " Education Statistics Quarterly, 1-5.
  • Lindsay, Beverly. (Summer 1994). “African American Women and Brown: A Lingering Twlight of Emerging Dawn?” The Journal of Negro Education 63: pp. 430-442. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-2984%28199422%2963%3A3%3C430%3AAAWABA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-0
  • Age
    Religion
  • Sugg, John. (2002, February 20). " The College of Law(suits). " Creative Loafing: Atlanta Edition.
  • Walker, Graham. (1996, September 17). " Speaking Out: Reflections on a Tenure Denial. " University of Pennsylvania: Almanac, 43-4.
  • Health
    Disability
    Family Issues
  • Hochschild, Arlie R. and Machung, Anne. (2003). The Second Shift. New York, NY: Penguin Group, Inc.
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  • Woolston, Chris. (2001, October 22). " The Gender Gap in Science. " The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/jobs/2001/10/2001102201c.htm
  • Williams, Joan. (2000). Unbending Gender: Why Family and Work Conflict and What To Do About It. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.
  • Watanabe, Myrna. (2002, April 1) " Scientist Couples Do the Two-Job Shuffle. " The Scientist, 16. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://www.the-scientist.com/yr2002/apr/prof1_020401.html
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  • Fogg, Piper. (2003, June 13). " Family Time: Why Some Women Quit Their Coveted Tenure-Track Jobs. " The Chronicle of Higher Education, 49. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v49/i40/40a01001.htm
  • Steele, Ann. (2003, July 7). " Giving Birth in Graduate School." The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/jobs/2003/07/2003070701c.htm
  • Grant, L., Kennelly, I., and Ward, K.B. (2000) “Revisiting the Gender, Marriage, and Parenthood Puzzle in Scientific Careers.” Women’s Studies Quarterly 28: pp. 62-85.
  • Raabe, Phyllis Hutton. (1997). “Work-Family Policies for Faculty.” In M.A. Ferber and J.W. Loeb (Eds.) Academic Couples: Problems and Promises. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
  • Spousal Hire
  • Gilbey, Elizabeth. (2002, December 9). "A Trailing Spouse Finds Her Way." The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/jobs/2002/12/2002120901c.htm
  • Mason, Mary Ann and Goulden, Marc. (2002, November/December). "Do Babies Matter? The Effect of Family Formation on the Lifelong Careers of Academic Men and Women." Academe, 88. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://www.aaup.org/publications/Academe/02nd/02ndmas.htm
  • Professional Climate

  • The University of Pennsylvania Gender Equity Committee. (2001, December 4). "The Gender Equity Report." The University of Pennsylvania Almanac, 48. http://www.upenn.edu/almanac/v48/n14/GenderEquity.html
  • Llewellyn, D., Usselman, M., and Brown, A.  (2001). “ Institutional Self-Assessments as Change Agents: Georgia Tech’s Two Year Experience.” Proceedings of the 2001 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition, Session 2592.
  • Reskin, Barbara. (1978). “Sex Differentiation and the Social Organization of Science.” Sociological Inquiry 48: pp. 491-504.
  • Sonnert, Gerhard. (1999). “Women in Science and Engineering: Advances, Challenges, and Solutions.” The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 869: pp. 35-57.
  • Sonnert, Gerhard and Holton, Gerald. (1995). Gender Differences in Science Careers. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press.
  • Olsen, Deborah. (July 1993). “Work Satisfaction and Stress in the First and Third Year of Academic Appointment.” The Journal of Higher Education 64:  pp. 453-471.        http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199307%2F08%2964%3A4%3C453%3AWSASIT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-V
  • Toma, J. Douglas. (November 1997). “Alternative Inquiry Paradigms, Faculty Cultures, and the Definition of Academic Lives.” The Journal of Higher Education 68: pp. 679-705. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199711%2F12%2968%3A6%3C679%3AAIPFCA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-I
  • Neumann, Yoram and Finaly-Neumann, Edith. (September 1990). “The Support-Stress Paradigm and Faculty Research Publication.” The Journal of Higher Education 61: pp. 565-580. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199009%2F10%2961%3A5%3C565%3ATSPAFR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-S
  • Chalmers, E. L. Jr. (October 1972). “Achieving Equity for Women in Higher Education Graduate Enrollment and Faculty Status.” The Journal of Higher Education 43: pp. 517-524. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28197210%2943%3A7%3C517%3AAEFWIH%3E2.0.CO%3B2-H
  • Saha, Lawrence J. (January 1976). “How Divisive Are Left-Wing Academics” An Australian Test.” Sociology of Education 49: pp. 80-89. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0038-0407%28197601%2949%3A1%3C80%3AHDALAA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-6
  • Collegiality
  • Singer, Michelle. (2002, November 20). "Collegiality and the Weasel Clause." The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network. http://chronicle.com/jobs/2002/11/2002112001c.htm
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  • Fox, Mary Frank. (1991). "Gender, Environmental Milieu, and Productivity in Science." In H. Zuckerman, J. Cole and J. Bruer (Eds.), The Outer Circle: Women in the Scientific Community (pp. 188-204). New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
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  • Clark, Shirley M. and Corcoran, Mary. (January 1986). “Perspectives on the Professional Socialization of Women Faculty: A Case of Accumulating Disadvantage?” The Journal of Higher Education 57: pp. 20-43. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28198601%2F02%2957%3A1%3C20%3APOTPSO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-6
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  • Reskin, Barbara. (July 1979). “Academic Sponsorship and Scientists’ Careers.” Sociology of Education 52: pp.129-146. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0038-0407%28197907%2952%3A3%3C129%3AASASC%3E2.0.CO%3B2-I 
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    Recognition
  • Evetts, Julia. (1996). Gender and Career in Science and Engineering. Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Francis.
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  • Long, J.S., Allison, P., and McGinnins, R. (1995). “Rank Advancement in Academic Careers: Sex Differences and the effects of Productivity.” American Sociological Review 58: pp. 45-71.
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  • Pheterson, G.T., Kiesler, S.B., and Goldberg, P.A. (1971). "Evaluation of the Performance of Women as a Function of their Sex, Achievement, and Personal History." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 19: pp. 110-114.
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  • Rayman, Paula and Stewart, Julie Pearson. (1999). “Reaching for Success in Science: Women’s Uneven Journey.” The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 869: pp. 58-65.
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  • Lomperis, A.M.T. (November 1990). “Are Women Changing the Nature of the Academic Profession?” The Journal of Higher Education 61: pp. 643- 677. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199011%2F12%2961%3A6%3C643%3AAWCTNO%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Y
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  • Tien, Flora F. and Blackburn, Robert T. (January 1996). “Faculty Rank System, Research Motivation, and Faculty Research Productivity: Measure Refinement and Theory Testing.” The Journal of Higher Education 67: pp.2-22. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199601%2F02%2967%3A1%3C2%3AFRSRMA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-J
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    Informal Rewards

    Informal Mentoring
  • Park, Paula. (2001, June 25). "Of Mentors, Women, and Men." The Scientist, 15, pp. 32.
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  • Fox, Mary Frank. (2000, Spring/Summer). "Organizational Environments and Doctoral Degrees Awarded to Women in Science and Engineering Departments." Women’s Studies Quarterly, 28, pp. 47-61.
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  • Rosser, Sue V. (1997). Re-engineering Female Friendly Science. New York: Teachers College Press.
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  • National Science Foundation Division of Science Resource Studies. (1996). Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 1996. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://www.nsf.gov/sbe/srs/nsf96311/start.htm
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    Interaction
  • Barker, Kathy. (2002, May 13). "Fine Tuning." The Scientist, 16, 58.
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  • Bergvall, Victoria, Sorbey, Sheryl, and Worthen, James B. (1994). "Thawing the Freezing Climate for Women in Engineering: Views From Both Sides of The Desk." Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, 1, 323-346.
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  • Valian, Virginia. (1998). Why So Slow? The Advancement of Women. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
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  •  Canada, Katherine and Pringle, Richard. (July 1995). “The Role of Gender in College Classroom Interactions: A Social Context Approach.” Sociology of Education 68: pp. 161-186. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0038-0407%28199507%2968%3A3%3C161%3ATROGIC%3E2.0.CO%3B2-3
    Hierarchy
  • Subramaniam, Banu. (2000). "Snow Brown and the Seven Detergents: A Metanarrative on Science and the Scientific Method." Women’s Studies Quarterly, 28, 296-304.
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  • Fox, Mary Frank. (1999). Gender, Hierarchy, and Science. In J.S. Chafetz (Ed.), Handbook of the Sociology of Gender (pp. 441-457). New York, NY: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
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  • Merton, Robert K. (1973). "The Matthew Effect in Science." In The Sociology of Science (pp. 439-459).  Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
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    Intimidation
  • Steinpreis, Rhea. (2001). "Studies Confirm Faculty’s Unconscious Gender Bias." Kansas State University Office of Academic Services. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from www.k-state/academicservices/equitytoolkit/articles/articlef.htm
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  • Godfrey, Elizabeth. (2001). "Defining Culture: The Way We Do Things Around Here." Proceedings of the 2001 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://216.239.39.104/search?q=cache:Q_ASIM_83IEJ:www.asee.org/conferences/search/00200_2001.pdf+"elizabeth+godfrey"+asee&hl=en&ie=UTF-8
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  • Skolnik, Michael L. (November 1989). “How Academic Program Review Can Foster Intellectual Conformity and Stifle Diversity of Thought and Method.” The Journal of Higher Education 60: pp. 619-643. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28198911%2F12%2960%3A6%3C619%3AHAPRCF%3E2.0.CO%3B2-B 
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    Interdisciplinarity
  • Lattica, Lisa R. (2001). Creating Interdisciplinarity: Interdisciplinary Research and Teaching Among College and University Faculty. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.
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  • Russo, Eugene. (2003, June 30). "Team Work: Group examines professional pitfalls created by participating in large interdisciplinary projects." The Scientist, 17.
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  • Bahls, Christine and Schachter, Beth. (2002, March 4). "Interdisciplinary Research Gets Formal: Casual chats in the hallway turn into collaborative efforts in the lab." The Scientist, 16[5], 17.
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  • Brainard, Jeffrey. (2002, June 14)." U.S. Agencies Look to Interdisciplinary Science: Research centers receive more support, and peer-review process receives more scrutiny. "The Chronicle of Higher Education: Government and Politics, p. A20.
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  • Burnett, Rebecca E. and Ewald, Helen Rothschild. (1994). "Rabbit Trails, Ephemera, and Other Stories: Feminist Methodology and Collaborative Research." JAC, 14[1].
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    Collaboration
  • Galegher, Jolene, Kraut, Robert E., and Edigo, Carmen. (1990). Intellectual Teamwork: Social and Technological Foundations of Cooperative Work.  Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
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  • Burnett, Rebecca E. (1992). "Conflict in Collaborative Decision-Making." In Nancey Roundy Blyer and Charlotte Thralls (Eds.), Professional Communication: The Social Perspective (pp. 144-162). Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
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    Funding Types
    Ethics
  • The American Political Science Association. (2003). "Ethics in Tenure and Promotion." In A Guide To Professional Ethics in Political Science (section G). Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://www.apsanet.org/pubs/ethics.cfm
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  • Weeks, Kent M. (March 1990). “The Peer Review Process: Confidentiality and Disclosure.” The Journal of Higher Education 61: pp. 198-219. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199003%2F04%2961%3A2%3C198%3ATPRPCA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Y
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    Organizational Challenges

  • Frost, Peter J. and Taylor, M. Susan. (1996). Rhythms of Academic Life: Personal Accounts of Careers in Academia. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
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  • Fox, Mary Frank. (2003). "Gender, Faculty, and Doctoral Education in Science and Engineering."  In L. Hornig (Ed.) Equal Rites, Unequal Outcomes:  Women in American Research Universities (pp. 91-109).  New YorkKluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
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  • Merton, Robert K. (1973). “The Normative Structures of Science.” In The Sociology of Science: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
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  • Konrad, Alison M. and Pfeffer, Jeffrey. (July 1991). “Understanding the Hiring of Women and Minorities in Educational Institutions.” Sociology of Education 64: pp. 141-157. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0038-0407%28199107%2964%3A3%3C141%3AUTHOWA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-U 
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  • Wilshire, Bruce. (May 1990). “Professionalism as Purification Ritual: Alienation and Disintegration in the University.”  The Journal of Higher Education 61: pp. 280-293. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199005%2F06%2961%3A3%3C280%3APAPRAA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-8 
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    Resource Distribution
  • Wilson, Robin. (1999, December 3). "An MIT Professor’s Suspicion of Bias Leads to a New Movement for Academic Women." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 46. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v46/i15/15a00101.htm
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  • Smallwood, Scott. (2002, April 5). "Women Still Feel Marginalized at MIT." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 48, p. A9.
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  • Fenker, Richard M. (July 1977). “The Incentive Structure of a University.” The Journal of Higher Education 48: pp. 453-471. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28197707%2F08%2948%3A4%3C453%3ATISOAU%3E2.0.CO%3B2-U
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    Space
  • Wilson, Robin and Fogg, Piper. (2003, January 10). "Half a Million Reasons to Leave Harvard; Support for Sex-Bias Suit Against Columbia." The Chronicle of Higher Education, 49. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i18/18a00701.htm
  •  
    Equipment
    Research Funding
    Grad Sudents
  • Fox, Mary Frank. (October 2002). “Women in Science and Academia: Graduate Education and Careers.” Gender & Society 15: pp. 654-666.
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    Evaluation Procedure

  • Getman, Julius. (1992). In the Company of Scholars: The Struggle for the Soul of Higher Education. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.
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  • Barron, Dennis. (2002, September). "Getting Promoted." The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network, 1-5.
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  • Nieva, Veronica and Gutek, Barbara. (1980). "Sex Differences in Evaluation."  Academy of Management Review, 5, 267-276.
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  • Bergquist, William H. and Phillips, Steven R. (March 1975). “Components of an Effective Faculty Development Program.” The Journal of Higher Education 46: pp. 177-211. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28197503%2F04%2946%3A2%3C177%3ACOAEFD%3E2.0.CO%3B2-R 
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  • Goodman, Madeleine J. (July 1990). “The Review of Tenured Faculty: A Collegial Model.” The Journal of Higher Education 61:pp. 408-424. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199007%2F08%2961%3A4%3C408%3ATROTFA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-M
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  • Glasman, Naftaly S. (May 1976). “Evaluation of Instructors in Higher Education: An Administrative Function.” The Journal of Higher Education 47: pp. 309-326. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28197605%2F06%2947%3A3%3C309%3AEOIIHE%3E2.0.CO%3B2-6
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  • Kuh, George DRansdell, Gary A. (May 1980). “Evaluation by Discussion: An Evaluation Design for Postsecondary Programs.” The Journal of Higher Education 51: pp. 301-313. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28198005%2F06%2951%3A3%3C301%3AEBDAED%3E2.0.CO%3B2-K
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  • Rood, Harold J. (March 1977). “Legal Issues in Faculty Termination: An Analysis Based on Recent Court Cases.” The Journal of Higher Education 48: pp. 453-471. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28197703%2F04%2948%3A2%3C123%3ALIIFTA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Z
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  • Lee, Barbara A. (January 1985). “Federal Court Involvement in Academic Personnel Decisions: Impact on Peer Review.” The Journal of Higher Education 56: pp. 38-54. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28198501%2F02%2956%3A1%3C38%3AFCIIAP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-K 
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  • Harvey, Thomas R. (November 1974). “A Heretical Approach to Evaluation.” The Journal of Higher Education 45: pp. 628-634. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28197411%2945%3A8%3C628%3AAHATE%3E2.0.CO%3B2-%23 
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  • Dowdall, Jean. (May 2004). “Haunted by the Past.”  The Chronicle of Higher Education Career Network.
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  • Dowdall, Jean. (June 2004). “Haunted by the Past, Part 2.”  The Chronicle of Higher Education Career Network.
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  • Fogg, Piper. (June 2004). “Hello… I Must Be Going.” The Chronicle of Higher Education 50: pg A10.
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    Accountancy for Qualitative Judgement of Scholarship
  • Barron, Dennis. (2003, January). "External Reviewers." The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network, 1-5.
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  • Allen, Henry Lee. (2001). "Workload and Tenure Policies In an Era of Organizational Change." The NEA Almanac of Higher Education.
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  • Letters to the Editor. (2002, April 5). "Collecting Letters of Recommendation: Can This Process Be Saved?" The Chronicle of Higher Education, 48, 1-4. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/prm/weekly/v48/i30/30b00402.htm
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  • Fish, Stanley. (2002, September 13). "Somebody Back There Didn’t Like Me." The Chronicle of Higher Education: Career Network. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://chronicle.com/jobs/2002/09/2002091301c.htm
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  • Lamberti, Andrea. (1990, September 14). "Group studies bias case." The Tech. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://www-tech.mit.edu/V110/N34/kalonj.34n.html
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  • Park, Shelley M. (January 1996). “Research, Teaching, and Service: Why Shouldn't Women's Work Count?” The Journal of Higher Education 67: pp. 46-84. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28199601%2F02%2967%3A1%3C46%3ARTASWS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-6
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  • Menges, Robert J. and Exum, William H. (March 1983). “Barriers to the Progress of Women and Minority Faculty.” The Journal of Higher Education 54: pp. 123-144. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28198303%2F04%2954%3A2%3C123%3ABTTPOW%3E2.0.CO%3B2-N
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  • Scott, Richard R. (Summer 1981). “Black Faculty Productivity and Interpersonal Academic Contacts.” The Journal of Negro Education: pp. 224-236. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-2984%28198122%2950%3A3%3C224%3ABFPAIA%3E2.0.CO%3B2-1
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  • Miller, A. Carolyn and Serzan, Sharon L. (November 1984). “Criteria for Identifying a Refereed Journal.” The Journal of Higher Education 55: pp. 673-699. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1546%28198411%2F12%2955%3A6%3C673%3ACFIARJ%3E2.0.CO%3B2-N
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  • Greenburg, Michael and Zenchelsky, Seymour. (Autumn 1990). “The Confrontation with Nazism at Rutgers: Academic Bureaucracy and Moral Failure.” History of Education Quarterly 30: pp. 325-349. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0018-2680%28199023%2930%3A3%3C325%3ATCWNAR%3E2.0.CO%3B2-7
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    Teaching Workload - Departmental Structural Bias
  • Brehm, Denise. (2002, December 4). "Some faculty dissatisfied with quality of life at MIT." TechTalk. Retrieved October 26, 2003, from http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/tt/2002/dec04/facmeet.html
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    Service Workload - Committe, Service, Organizer
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